India’s Forex Reserves Surge to $625.626 Billion

India’s forex reserves witnessed a remarkable surge of $6.55 billion, reaching $625.626 billion by the end of the week on March 1, as per the latest data from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). This surge continues the positive trend, following a $2.975 billion increase in the previous reporting week, where the total forex reserves stood at $619.072 billion. Notably, India’s forex kitty had hit an all-time high of $645 billion back in October 2021.

Understanding the Factors Behind the Surge

The increase in forex reserves can be attributed to various factors. The central bank had previously utilized a portion of the reserves to stabilize the rupee amidst global economic uncertainties. However, with consistent efforts and favorable market conditions, the reserves have witnessed a substantial rebound.

During the week ended March 1, the foreign currency assets, which constitute a significant portion of the reserves, surged by $6.043 billion to $554.231 billion. It’s important to note that foreign currency assets are subject to fluctuations due to the valuation of non-US units like the euro, pound, and yen held in the reserves.

Additionally, gold reserves also saw an uptick, rising by $569 million to $48.417 billion. However, special drawing rights (SDRs) experienced a minor decline of $17 million, standing at $18.18 billion. India’s reserve position with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) also saw a slight decrease, dropping by $41 million to $4.798 billion.

The Rupee’s Movement

Meanwhile, during the week ending March 8, the Indian rupee experienced fluctuations against the US dollar, moving within a range of 22.5 paise. This movement occurred despite the US dollar witnessing a sell-off due to consistent inflows into Indian markets.

The RBI intervened by purchasing dollars, ensuring liquidity in the market. Anil Kumar Bhansali, head of treasury and executive director of Finrex Treasury Advisors, commented on the scenario, suggesting that inflows are expected to persist, with exporters likely to continue selling on upticks. Importers, on the other hand, may take advantage of dips to hedge their positions in the short term.

Bhansali projected a range of 82.50 to 82.90 for the upcoming week, anticipating continued inflows, RBI intervention, and selling off of upticks.


The surge in India’s forex reserves signifies a positive trend for the economy, reflecting stability and resilience amidst global economic challenges. With strategic interventions from the RBI and favorable market conditions, India’s forex reserves continue to strengthen, contributing to the overall stability of the financial landscape.


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